Human rights are one of the most important branches of international law in the world today. The Holocaust and the atrocities of the Second World War meant that human rights were a concern of the international community. Today, all States have assumed obligations under international treaties that guarantee individuals a wide range of rights in times of peace and conflict. Other obligations for States and other actors derive from customary law. Under the auspices of the United Nations and regional organizations, several bodies have been established to monitor violations of human rights. Despite these efforts, we continue to live in a world where many face widespread violations of their human rights. This course provides participants with a solid understanding of the international legal regime for the protection of human rights. The course will cover a wide range of human rights protection issues, starting with the fundamental instruments and principles of international human rights law and ending with the challenges of going beyond the framework of the primarily state-centred obligations recognized by this regime. We will review key human rights instruments and enforcement mechanisms established under international law, and will also pay particular attention to the rights of vulnerable individuals and groups. We will also closely follow the discussions on the theoretical and legal functioning of the international human rights system.
Are human rights really «universal»? Are some human rights more important than others? How can human rights standards be applied to non-traditional actors such as businesses and terrorist groups? Do the new «collective rights» strengthen or undermine human rights? These and many other questions will guide and deepen our understanding of the principles underlying the human rights regime and how international law works and does not work in the world of human rights protection. This course will examine the legal framework of ius ad bellum in international law. The prohibition of the use of force is a matter of customary international law. Recently, however, the prohibition on the use of force has been severely challenged because of the broad interpretation of the exceptions contained in the Charter of the United Nations. The course will examine and discuss, among other things, the definitions and scope of international armed conflicts, armed attacks and aggressions. The scope of the law will be examined through the interpretation of the principles of self-defence through the prism of the historical ICJ cases and through the positions taken by the States themselves. Students will examine the UN Security Council`s authorization for the use of force in specific cases. The analysis of the use of force in terms of invitation and preventive self-defence, humanitarian interventions, the responsibility to protect, as well as the occurrence of «involuntary and unfit» tests will influence a state of fluidity of the use of force in practice. Students will examine the legitimacy of broad interpretations of exceptions contained in the Charter of the United Nations in relation to State practice.
There are three critical elements about this degree. First, students are prepared for peace and conflict studies and take a course on the structure of the United Nations. In the next phase, students take core courses in international justice, including law related to armed conflict, vulnerable peoples, and transitional justice, among others. The third level is designed to provide students with a practical understanding and basic advocacy skills. Students choose a specialization and are expected to gain a comprehensive understanding of legal and governmental bodies and processes. You will develop skills in various areas of advocacy, including legal briefing, research and negotiation. Tuition for the program is $19,500 and the program is expected to be completed in one year. There are scholarships for professors from other universities, refugees and asylum-seekers in a regular situation, Costa Rican citizens and students from partner universities.
All courses on this track are offered in English. Given this complexity, do we ask ourselves whether human rights systems are doing a good job of solving the problems that concern us? Above all, are they effective in promoting and protecting human rights? What role do regional human rights systems play in our current context? What are their limits? Competition law, whether at international or national level, has an important influence on the business strategy of companies. Competition law plays a major role in trade and trade relations between countries. It is also an increasingly important element of t. Elayne Whyte is a Costa Rican diplomat and academic. In 2014, the Government of Costa Rica appointed her Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Costa Rica to the United Nations and other international organizations based in Geneva, Switzerland. In 2017, Ambassador Whyte Gómez led the work of the United Nations Conference that negotiated and adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Students take a variety of courses taught by human rights experts. There are core courses on human rights theories, United Nations law and practice, international law and governing bodies, and research skills, among others. Columbia University is open to lawyers from around the world and offers a general LLM program where students can choose from a variety of specializations, including social justice and human rights. A limited number of scholarships are available for outstanding students in this program.
If you wish to be considered for financial aid, the submission of a scholarship essay upon application is required. Experiential learning helps students develop creative strategies for the practical application of their education. It offers students the opportunity to bring focus and meaning to their graduate experience. University internships provide students with unparalleled experiences to apply the critical thinking knowledge and skills they learn in the classroom in a professional setting. In addition, they offer excellent opportunities for students to build social networks with potential colleagues in their respective fields of interest or professions. It also aims to assist host organizations through the contribution of well-prepared individuals who are willing to undertake important tasks related to peace research and improvement at local, international and global levels of the community. The main challenge for the current world order is therefore to ensure that the vehicles of globalization are aligned with the development and promotion of human rights through appropriate laws and policies, including during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. This course will introduce students to the key issues and debates on these different links between globalization and human rights, and explore the new currents of criticism that have allowed a confluence and questioning of the interface between globalization and human rights.
The main objective of this course is to provide students with a good theoretical and practical understanding of regional human rights systems. The course aims to familiarize students with the applicable standards, institutions and procedures of these systems. The current challenges and difficulties of regional systems are also discussed. As an additional focus, the course should help students understand and analyze case law, improve their legal writing and reasoning skills, and analyze human rights norms and systems in a comparative manner. Speakers in the programme include human rights experts from around the world, including leading academics, judges, UN staff and NGO directors. PLEASE NOTE: LL.M. candidates in/international human rights law MUST hold a JD degree from an American law school approved by the ABA Section for Legal Education or an LL.B. (or equivalent) from an accredited law school in another country. The UPEACE core course provides a critical and concise introduction to the broad field of «peace research» for students in all UPEACE programs. It first deals with the essential conceptual and theoretical foundations for the emergence and development of peace research as an interdisciplinary field within international relations and political economy as well as a fundamental understanding of conflict analysis.