In developing his three laws of motion, Newton revolutionized science. Newton`s laws, as well as Kepler`s laws, explain why planets move in elliptical orbits rather than circles. While Newton was able to formulate his law of gravity in his monumental work, he was deeply uncomfortable with the notion of «action at a distance» implied by his equations. In 1692, he wrote in his third letter to Bentley: «That one body far away can act on another by emptiness, without anything else being mediated, by and by its action and power can be transmitted from one another, is for me such a great absurdity that, I believe, no man who has a faculty of thought competent in philosophical matters, could ever fall into it. Newton`s first two laws of motion refer to individual bodies. These two laws are laws of motion. Newton`s third is not a law of motion, but a law of forces. In summary, Newton`s laws boil down to the following. By applying this simple mathematical law B.1 to various physical situations, an enormous amount of physical science has been developed. Newton`s laws of motion, three statements describing the relations between forces acting on a body and the motion of the body, first formulated by the English physicist and mathematician Isaac Newton and forming the basis of classical mechanics. Newton`s first law states that when a body is at rest or moving at a constant speed in a straight line, it remains at rest or moves in a straight line at constant speed, unless it is affected by a force. In fact, in classical Newtonian mechanics, there is no significant difference between rest and uniform motion in one. (100 words out of 990) As for the second part of Newton`s first law of motion, we consider a moving body.
This law states that the body remains in regular motion along a straight line. This means that it moves in a fixed direction at a constant speed, unless it is affected by a net external force. The uniform state of motion can change in one of three ways listed below: speed, force, acceleration, and momentum are associated with both quantity and direction. Scientists and mathematicians call this a vector quantity. The equations presented here are actually vector equations and can be applied in any of the directions of the components. We only looked in one direction, and usually an object moves in all three directions (up-down, left-right, front-back). He never, in his own words, «assigned the cause of this power.» In all other cases, he used the phenomenon of motion to explain the origin of various forces acting on bodies, but in the case of gravity, he was unable to experimentally identify the motion that generates gravity (although he invented two mechanical hypotheses in 1675 and 1717). Moreover, he refused to propose even a hypothesis about the cause of this force, arguing that it was contrary to solid science. He lamented that «philosophers have hitherto tried in vain to seek in nature the source of gravitational force,» because he was convinced «for many reasons» that there were «hitherto unknown causes» that were fundamental to all «phenomena of nature.» These basic phenomena are still being studied, and although there are many hypotheses, the final answer has not yet been found.
And in Newton`s General Scholium of 1713 in the second edition of the Principia: «I have not yet been able to discover the cause of these properties of gravity from phenomena, and I do not feign hypotheses. It is enough that gravity really exists and acts according to the laws I have explained, and that it serves abundantly to explain all the movements of the celestial bodies.  In situations where one of the dimensionless parameters is large, general relativity must be used to describe the system. General relativity is reduced to Newtonian gravity within the limit of small potentials and low velocities, so Newton`s law of gravity is often called the low gravity limit of general relativity. The second of Newton`s three laws of motion is also known as the law of mass and acceleration. Yet a number of authors have more to say about what Newton gained from Hooke, and some aspects remain controversial.  The fact that most of Hooke`s private papers were destroyed or disappeared does not help establish the truth. The two-body problem is completely solved, as is the three-body problem.  Gravitational fields are also conservative; That is, the work of gravity from one position to another is independent of the orbit. As a result, there is a gravitational potential field V(r), so it is a general physical law derived from empirical observations of what Isaac Newton called inductive reasoning.
It is part of classical mechanics and was formulated in Newton`s Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica («The Principia»), first published on July 5, 1687. .