Private Pilots Licence Medical Requirements

A special issue is different from a Statement of Proven Capability (SODA). Exemptions will be granted for static defects that are unlikely to change. Useful vision in one eye (monocular vision) is a condition for which a medical flight test may be used. There are several hundred pilots who fly with monocular visual impairment. Upper or lower amputees may also be eligible for a SODA with a flight test. Sometimes flight medical tests are conducted to prove that an applicant can operate the aircraft safely. The aviator`s medical certificate is obtained following a satisfactory physical examination by an aviation medical examiner (AME). The AME tests vision, hearing, general health and cardiovascular health. The AME will also attempt to determine if the applicant has conditions that render the pilot unable during the flight, or any other reason for refusing a medical certificate. Pilots who wish to retain the privileges of their pilot certificate will continue to participate in an AME at regular intervals for as long as they wish to continue flying. Requesting and scheduling an appointment for a doctor is relatively easy by visiting FAA MedXPress, creating an app, and finding an TEA. Pilots with impaired colour vision, including colour blindness, generally have the restriction «Not valid for night or colour signal control flights» on their medical certificate. Not if the surgery allows you to meet the vision standards of your medical class again.

Ground yourself after surgery until the ophthalmologist releases you to resume your normal activities and you meet the standard of vision again. Then you can return to the flight. Report the surgery at your next medical exam and provide the AME with a full eye evaluation report. FAA medical qualifications are important both for the pilot and for anyone on board the aircraft or on the ground. Unknown medical conditions can have devastating effects if a pilot is flying an aircraft during a medical episode or emergency. Staying up to date with your FAA-required medical certificate can help mitigate these risks. Know your medical history and current health so you can control the safest flights whenever you`re in the air. Medical prescriptions list the following 15 medical conditions as explicitly disqualifying. If you indicate that you have one of them in your medical application, your AME cannot issue a medical certificate until it has been authorized by the FAA under what is called a special authorization. Most pilots require proof of medical fitness to exercise the privileges of their pilot certificate, which often involves passing a medical examination and meeting certain medical standards. Nowadays, asking for your medical certificate is quite simple.

The first step is to complete the FAA`s MedXpress questionnaire. The questionnaire requires a variety of information, including your name, address, current medications, and other general health issues similar to those of a doctor`s office. Be sure to write the code provided at the end of the questionnaire – or take a picture of it – as you will need it when you visit the doctor`s office. There are three different medical certificates you can get: first, second or third year. First, you need to find an FAA AME and make an appointment. You can ask other pilots or flight instructors for recommendations, or you can use the FAA`s Find an Aviation Medical Examiner portal to find an AME. I fly under a special medical edition because I had a heart valve replaced six years ago. The FAA tells me in the letters that I should send my records at least 30 days before the expiration date to avoid expiration.

That`s what I do, and it takes three or four months to get a new drug. What can I do to get a full year for my special edition? That depends. If you have a valid doctor and simply did not have it in your possession at the time of the theft and you can provide it to the inspector who checked you, this will likely result in a fine and/or civil penalty. If you have been denied a medical condition due to a disqualifying medical condition and are caught flying, the penalty will likely be the revocation of all your pilot certificates and ratings. If they catch you a second time, jail time is possible, although a hefty fine is more likely if your certificates were revoked after the previous offense. A special edition is a double-sided piece. It is great that the regulations provide a mechanism to balance the conditions for exclusion. The downside is that this is a discretionary matter that can be removed at any time if the FAA sees evidence of an «unfavorable» change to the condition. All special emission permits are time-limited (often 12 months).

You can have a certificate that appears to be valid for up to 36 calendar months according to FAR 61.23. In reality, however, the certificate is only valid as long as the permit is in force, and this is determined by the nature of the illness and the perceived risk of incapacity for work that could result from the illness. Flying can have serious consequences if not done properly and carefully. Just as it would be unwise to fly in an aircraft that is unable to fly, it is dangerous to fly with a pilot with a medical impairment. All aircraft are inspected annually to ensure they meet minimum safety standards. Routine medical examinations achieve the same goal for pilots. When an aircraft passes an annual inspection, the inspector shall record in the logbooks that the aircraft is airworthy. If a pilot succeeds in the flight, the doctor confirms the aviators` medical certificate, which the pilot then carries when performing flight duties. This can be used as evidence that the pilot has met the medical standards for the operation of the aircraft. Depending on the class certificate a pilot wants or requires, the aviation medical examiner or FAA may refuse a pilot`s medical certificate. This may be due to recent surgeries, medication, non-aviation related crimes (e.g.

drunk driving) or other medical conditions. Pilots can appeal rejections through formal appeals to the National Transportation Safety Board. The appeal process involves careful documentation of a pilot`s medical condition, therapies associated with treatment, and may be accompanied by psychological assessments and/or other data. While each pilot can obtain approval through appeal, there are several professional organizations that assist pilots in appealing the denial of a medical certificate. These include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (, the Experimental Aircraft Association (, Wingman Medical ( and Pilot Medical Solutions ( If you want to fly a balloon or glider, you do not need a medical certificate. All you have to do is write a statement confirming that you do not have a medical defect that would not allow you to fly a balloon or glider. For insulin with diabetics, the process is more complex. A complete medical history and a detailed and up-to-date clinical evaluation are required. These reports should confirm that no significant diabetes-related events have occurred recently and that there is no evidence of cardiovascular, kidney, retinal or other important organ disease. Once approved, the Special Issuance Guidelines require pilots to monitor blood glucose levels (using an approved blood glucose meter) prior to flight departure, regularly during flight, and half an hour prior to landing. Although the process is complex and lengthy, special medical certificates are issued to a small but growing number of applicants.

(For detailed information on the special dispensing procedure for diabetes and many other conditions, call the AOPA Medical Certification Service at 800-872-2672 or visit the AOPA website.) In addition, a U.S. driver`s license is sufficient if you are a student, recreational or private pilot, or flight instructor (as a pilot-in-command or flight crew member required) if the aircraft, flight and pilot meet certain conditions and restrictions. The regulation also requires candidates for a 1st class medical examination to have an electrocardiogram at the first examination after the age of 35 and annually after the age of 40, which shows no signs of myocardial infarction or other significant abnormality. Note: Section 61.15 of the FAR requires you to report alcohol-related incidents to the Civil Aviation Security Division within 60 days of any administrative action or conviction. This report is separate from the medical use report. Because each case is unique, members with questions about alcohol-related traffic offenses are encouraged to call AOPA for information and help. Get enough sleep, stay hydrated and avoid foods or drinks high in caffeine, sodium or sugar, and stay away from tobacco and stimulants eight hours before your check-up. Does a third-class medical examination include a drug test? How long does it take to complete your medical exam? Medical standards for pilots are minimum standards. There is no practical way to account for all possible medical conditions in a regulatory standard. For this reason, the FAA develops certification guidelines that include baselines for various medical conditions that are assessed against the disability risk associated with that condition.